Climate change is a fact, and it is widely acknowledged that the world is in the midst of a global warming crisis. Human activities such as fossil fuel combustion and land use change have released greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, which is the primary driver of recent climate change. Land use such as agriculture alone, discharges more than 6 billion metric tons of greenhouse gases (GHG) into the atmosphere each year. Because of the increased severity of climate change impacts in some areas, the consequences have been more severe and disastrous.
In Uganda, Climate change is a serious problem, affecting livelihoods. The country experiences prolonged drought, short and erratic rains which are disastrous and affecting agricultural production the backbone of the country. Also, due to disparities in traditional roles, societal expectations, and livelihoods, men and women are affected differently by climate change. Women account for the bulk of Uganda’s population of 23.19 million people. They have lower wages, less access to credit and decision-making power, and less control over resources, all of which make them more vulnerable to climate change. It’s therefore important to consider differences when tackling the issue of climate change.
Agroforestry/permaculture has emerged as a major instrument in the fight against climate change in recent years. It’s a widely accepted answer to the twin problems of climate change and food security. It’s one of a number of innovative strategies targeted at increasing production while also assisting in the mitigation of climate change by increasing carbon sequestration and boosting the system’s ability to cope with the negative consequences of climate change. This project aims to promote agroforestry/permaculture for climate change mitigation and the development of vulnerable groups’ livelihoods, such as women, by planting fruit trees alongside food crops.